This paper analyzes the effects of mental illnesses on society in the United States.
Each year, 17.4 million adults experience a mood disorder. Major depression is often called unipolar disorder, while manic depression is often called bipolar disorder. This paper looks at the causes, cures, and medications used in treating these disorders.
“Research shows that there has been a dramatic and steady increase of mental disorders. ?An estimated 22.1 per cent of Americans ages 18 and older-about 1 in 5 adults-suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder in a given year.?1 This translates into 44.3 million people, according to the 1998 U. S Census residential population estimate. The burden of these mental disorders on health and productivity in the United States has been underestimated. Five of the ten leading causes of disability are mental disorders. Nueropsychiatric disorders such as unipolar or major depression, and bipolar depression, account for a combined 46.9 per cent of disease and disability in the world2. Depressive illnesses, and Bipolar disorder, are major contributing factors in disease and disability, affecting the productivity of American culture. Institutions such as the World Health Organization, World Bank and Harvard University, confirm that mental health problems account for 15 per cent of the burden of disease in established market economies.3 The World Health Organization along with the Division of Health and Human Services of the United States government, predict that in the year 2020, Depression will be the second leading cause of disability in the world.”